By Jennifer R. Ballengee
Explores the rhetorical services of torture and the witnessing of torture in either classical texts and modern contexts.
The Wound and the Witness deals a traditionally grounded method to an pressing modern challenge: the patience of torture in Western tradition. Drawing upon historic Greek and Roman texts, in addition to modern media occasions, Jennifer R. Ballengee explores the spectacle of torture as a persuasive equipment. She means that either torture and the witnessing of torture are different types of polemical writing, performed at the physique. The research combines shut examining and philological learn with a materialist cultural method of historical Greek theater, early Christian debts of martyrdom, and up to date political controversies over the interrogation strategies within the U.S. government-run Guantánamo and Abu Ghraib prisons. via incorporating key classical texts by means of Sophocles, Achilles Tatius, and Prudentius, the writer demonstrates how deeply the traditional literature resonates with modern problems with the physique, rhetoric, and the spectacle of ache.
By Dio Cassius
Dio Cassius (Cassius Dio), ca. one hundred fifty– 235 CE, used to be born at Nicaea in Bithynia in Asia Minor. at the dying of his father (Roman governor of Cilicia) he went in one hundred eighty to Rome, entered the Senate, and below the emperor Commodus was once an suggest. He held excessive workplaces, turning into an in depth pal of a number of emperors. He used to be made governor of Pergamum and Smyrna; consul in 220; proconsul of Africa; governor of Dalmatia after which of Pannonia; and consul back in 229.
Of the 80 books of Dio's nice paintings Roman History, protecting the period from the mythical touchdown of Aeneas in Italy to the reign of Alexander Severus (222–235 CE), we own Books 36–60 (36 and 55–60 have gaps), which conceal the years sixty eight BCE–47 CE. The lacking parts are in part provided, for the sooner gaps through Zonaras, who is based heavily on Dio, and for a few later gaps (Book 35 onwards) by means of John Xiphilinus (of the 11th century). There also are many excerpts. The amenities for examine afforded by means of Dio's legitimate tasks and his personal make him a really very important resource for Roman heritage of the final years of the republic and the 1st 4 emperors.
The Loeb Classical Library version of Dio Cassius is in 9 volumes.
The Scriptores Historiae Augustae, or Historia Augusta, is a suite of biographies of Roman emperors, heirs, and claimants from Hadrian to Numerianus (117– 284 CE). The paintings, that's modeled on Suetonius, purports to be written by means of six diversified authors and rates records and public files largely. considering the fact that we own no non-stop account of the emperors of the second one and 3rd centuries, the Historia Augusta has evidently attracted prepared consciousness. within the final century it has additionally generated the gravest suspicions. current opinion holds that the total is the paintings of a unmarried writer (who lived throughout Theodosius) and includes a lot that's plagiarism or even downright forgery.
The Loeb Classical Library variation of the Historia Augusta is in 3 volumes.
Pliny the Elder, tireless researcher and author, is writer of the encyclopedic Natural History, in 37 books, an unequalled compendium of Roman wisdom. The contents of the books are as follows. e-book 1: desk of contents of the others and of experts; 2: mathematical and metrological survey of the universe; 3-6: geography and ethnography of the identified international; 7: anthropology and the body structure of guy; 8-11: zoology; 12-19: botany, agriculture, and horticulture; 20-27: plant items as utilized in medication; 28-32: clinical zoology; 33-37: minerals (and medicine), the high-quality arts, and gemstones.
The Loeb Classical Library version of normal heritage is in ten volumes.
This publication explores how Medieval and Early sleek writers reconstructed, and likewise how readers learn, the contradictory meanings of 'Lady' knowledge
The thinker Philo used to be born approximately 20 BCE to a fashionable Jewish family members in Alexandria, the executive domestic of the Jewish Diaspora in addition to the manager middle of Hellenistic tradition; he used to be knowledgeable in Greek in addition to Jewish studying. In trying to reconcile biblical teachings with Greek philosophy he built rules that had large impression on Christian and Jewish non secular thought.
The Loeb Classical Library variation of the works of Philo is in ten volumes and supplementations, disbursed as follows. quantity I: production; Interpretation of Genesis II and III. II: at the Cherubim; The Sacrifices of Abel and Cain; the more serious assaults the higher; The Posterity and Exile of Cain; at the Giants. III: The Unchangeableness of God; On Husbandry; Noah's paintings as a Planter; On Drunkenness; On Sobriety. IV: The Confusion of Tongues; The Migration of Abraham; The inheritor of Divine issues; at the initial experiences. V: On Flight and discovering; swap of Names; On goals. VI: Abraham; Joseph; Moses. VII: The Decalogue; On distinct legislation Books I–III. VIII: On specific legislation ebook IV; at the Virtues; Rewards and Punishments. IX: each reliable guy Is loose; The Contemplative lifestyles; The Eternity of the area; opposed to Flaccus; Apology for the Jews; On windfall. X: at the Embassy to Gaius; indexes. complement I: questions about Genesis. II: questions about Exodus; index to supplements.
By Maria Wyke
This booklet explores the importance of Julius Caesar to diverse sessions, societies and folks from the 50s BC via to the twenty-first century.
- This interdisciplinary quantity explores the importance of Julius Caesar to diversified sessions, societies and people.
- Ranges over the fields of non secular, army, and political historical past, archaeology, structure and concrete making plans, the visible arts, and literary, movie, theatre and cultural studies.
- Examines representations of Caesar in Italy, France, Germany, Britain, and the USA in particular.
- Objects of research diversity from Caesar’s personal commentaries at the Gallic wars, via Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar, and pictures of Caesar in Italian fascist pop culture, to modern cinema and present debates approximately American empire.
- Edited via a number one specialist at the reception of historic Rome.
- Includes unique contributions by means of overseas specialists on Caesar and his reception.
"A model that has been lengthy awaited, and certain to develop into the hot standard."―Michael Dirda, Washington Post
Ovid's epic poem―whose subject of switch has resonated in the course of the ages―is probably the most very important texts of Western mind's eye, an proposal from Dante's instances to the current day, whilst writers reminiscent of Salman Rushdie and Italo Calvino have chanced on a dwelling resource in Ovid's paintings. Charles Martin combines a detailed constancy to Ovid's textual content with verse that catches the rate and liveliness of the unique. Martin's Metamorphoses often is the translation of selection for modern readers in English. This quantity additionally contains endnotes and a word list of individuals, locations, and personifications.
Claudius Ptolemy (c.100 - c.178 AD), of Alexandria, used to be one of many maximum philosopher/scientists of the traditional international. between his books are the Almagest, Geography, Optics, Planispherium and Tetrabiblos.
The earliest surviving model of Tetrabiblos is the paraphrase attributed to Proclus the thinker (412-485). Tetrabiblos (literally, "four books") used to be lengthy regarded as a whole survey of Greek astrology. contemporary examine indicates this to not be the case, yet Ptolemy'’s paintings is still the root of western astrology. specifically, his persuasive use of the Tropical Zodiac, instead of the Sidereal, replaced western astrology eternally.
Book 1 of Tetrabiblos defines numerous technical phrases and offers different info wanted through the astrologer. Chapters nine, 10 and eleven element the impact of mounted stars in a number of constellations.
booklet 2 is the astrology of countries and their rulers.
Books three & four are dedicated to Natal Astrology. publication three, bankruptcy 2, explains Ptolemy’s approach to rectifying the Ascendant. bankruptcy 10 supplies a style for deciding on existence expectancy.
e-book four offers with fortunes of wealth & rank, in addition to employment, marriage, childrens, loss of life, etc.
additionally integrated are extracts from Ptolemy's Almagest (a compendium of Greek astronomy), to boot as "Ptolemy’s Centiloquy," an inventory of aphorisms, the authorship of that is disputed. some of the a hundred take care of horary astrology. they've been studied through astrologers for centuries.
Translations: Gardner (1911) lists 4 English translations of Tetrabiblos. the 1st used to be through John Walley, 1701. the second one was once Walley’'s translation, edited through Sibley and Brown, 1786, that's acknowledged to be valueless. The 3rd, via James Wilson (author of the well-known Dictionary of Astrology), was once released in 1820. The fourth (this one, via some distance the best), was once by way of J.M. Ashmand, 1822. A 5th translation used to be made in 1940 by means of F.E. Robbins. of those a number of translators, in simple terms Ashmand might declare to be either a Greek and Latin student in addition to an skilled astrologer. we're commemorated to give Ashmand’s translation to a brand new new release of students.
each severe astrologer, from the third century to the current, has studied the Tetrabiblos. With the present revival of conventional astrology, it continues to be crucial reading.